Original artwork by Dale DeArmond, used with permission by the Alaska Native Language Center

Dena'ina Literature

Dena'ina has a long tradition of storytelling. As in other cultures these stories were passed down from generation to generation as part of oral tradition long before they were written down. This is true of most of the world's great literature. The classical Greek and Chinese texts which we know today in their written form began millennia ago as part of oral tradition. Efforts to record Dena'ina literature in written form began in earnest only in the twentieth century. Some of this was written down in English translation only, as in Osgood (1937). Later, after a practical orthography was developed, Dena'ina literature was written in Dena'ina with accompanying English translation.

The introduction of the portable tape recorder provided a new way to record Dena'ina stories in their original oral form. The Dena'ina Qenaga Digital Archive contains many excellent examples of recorded Dena'ina oral literature. Some of these recordings of oral literature has also been written down (transcribed) and translated. Well-known publications of Dena'ina literature include:

Other recordings have yet to be transcribed. Together this body of recordings is a testament to Dena'ina literary heritage.

Dena'ina literature takes many forms and covers a wide range of subjects. Much of the literature is rich in animal imagery, but the themes addressed are complex. As Richard Dauenhauer has noted, Alaska Native literature is not children's literature. As with any of the world's great literatures, Dena'ina literature requires some effort to appreciate.

In this section you will find some short stories which have been transcribed and translated line-by-line with accompanying audio. Click on a title to view in the menu to the left and listen to the story. Or see the index of stories on the Dena'ina Sukdu'a page.

Materials on this site are copyrighted by the original authors, the speakers whose voices are recorded, and the Alaska Native Language Archive. Materials may be used freely for non-commercial, educational purposes as specified in the license agreement. Alaska Native Language Archive materials made available through the Dena'ina Qenaga Digital Archive may be subject to more restrictive conditions of use as specified by the original depositors.

Dena'ina Qenaga website copyright © 2004-2017. Suggestions for future development are welcome. If you have questions or comments about this site, please contact the DATA Project: denaina [dot] qenaga [at] gmail [dot] com