Verb Order: Prefix-Stem-Suffix

The Dena’ina verb consists of a stem and up to 19 prefixes and four suffixes: the ones used in these lessons are below.

The prefixes must be in the order below

The stem cannot be said by itself but must have at least one prefix.

Sometimes certain prefixes are required and the stem and its required prefixes are called a “verb theme.” Verb themes are listed in the “Mini-Verb Dictionary section.

Verb Template

Note: Terminology about verbs varies. This terminology is modified from that presented in the book accompanying ANL 251: Introduction to Athabascan Linguistics by Gary Holtan, James Kari, and Olga Müller at the 2004 Dena’ina Language Institute.