Verbs: Verb Stem Mini-Dictionary, Page 3

Adapted from "Dena'ina Verb Dictionary"
Electronic Draft, by James Kari
Compiled by Alan Boraas.

18. see, glimpse, catch sight of an object
Theme: object + Ø classifier + stem


ASPECT
MODE
Dialect Imperfective Perfective Future Optative
momentaneous   'ix 'an 'ił 'ił
durative   'an 'an 'ił 'an
neuter   'an 'an 'ił 'an
continuative   'en 'an 'en 'en
transitional   'ih 'it 'ih 'ih

 

19. shoot (arrow or bullet)
Theme: Object + Gender + ł classifier + stem


ASPECT
MODE
Dialect Imperfective Perfective Future Optative
mementaneous   dish dek' desh dish
semelfactive   desh desh    

 

20. sing
singular, dual
Theme: object + d + d classifier + stem


ASPECT
MODE
Dialect Imperfective Perfective Future Optative
neuter   li li' lił li'
durative   li li' lił li'
transitional   lix lit lił li'
continuative   li li li li

 

21. slip, slide on something (abrupt accidental movement)
Theme: Gender + l classifier + stem


ASPECT
MODE
Dialect Imperfective Perfective Future Optative
momentaneous   qat qet' qeł qat
durative   qat qet' qat qat
neuter   qet' qet' qet' qet'
transitional   qat qat' qeł qat

 

22. smile
Theme: Ø classifier + stem


ASPECT
MODE
Dialect Imperfective Perfective Future Optative
momentaneous   dlih dleq' dleh dlih
durative   dlih dleq' dlih dlih
customary   dlih dlih    

 

23. swim: fish, sea mammals, river otter, etc. underwater
singular or small number
Note: not birds swimming on top of water
Theme: (l+ghuzh) for a large number of fish as spawning salmon
Theme: Object + Ø classifier + stem


ASPECT
MODE
Dialect Imperfective Perfective Future Optative
momentaneous   lah lagh leh lih

 

24. talk, speak
singular
Theme: Q + Ø classifier + stem


ASPECT
MODE
Dialect Imperfective Perfective Future Optative
repetitive O, U nash nak nash nish
repetitive I nax yał nax nax
durative I nax yał nax nax
momentaneous   ya yał    
continuative   ya ya ya ya
neuter   ya' ya'    

 

25. walk, go
singular or dual
Theme: Ø classifier + stem


ASPECT
MODE
Dialect Imperfective Perfective Future Optative
momentaneous   (y)ush yu yuł yu
continuative   yu yu    
repetitive   yux yuk yux yix
customary   yix yik yix  

 

26. walk, go
plural (3 or more); plural fish swim
Theme: Ø classifier + stem


ASPECT
MODE
Dialect Imperfective Perfective Future Optative
momentaneous   dał datl' deł dił
durative   dał datl' dał dił