Dena'ina Topical Dictionary

Dena'ina Topical Dictionary

This page contains excerpts from Chapter 13 of James Kari's forthcoming noun dictionary. Below are a sample of entries from two different sections of the chapter. To download the complete chapter in PDF format, click on the link below.

Chapter 13 - Sky, Weather and Atmosphere


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13.1 Sky and Stars

sky yuq'  
darkness heł  
it got dark nughiłghatl'  
horizon yuvugh
ełnen vugh
lit. 'edge of the sky'
lit. 'edge of the earth'
moon geljay (UI)
ghelja (OSl)
 
it is a full moon q'analyun (UO)
q'anghalyun (I)
k'nudnudlet (O S&P)
lit. 'it is full grown'
 
 
northern lights yuyqux (I)
yuyqush (OU)
 
sun ni'i (O)
n'uyi (IU)
nu'uy (U)
 

13.2 Weather

bad weather ch'uqughił qiz'un (I)
ch'eduqidiłt'e (U)
 
good weather yaghelich' qiz'un (IO)
yaghelich' qiy'un (U)
 
cloud q'es  
cloud cover, overcast sky yuq' hnalt'em
yunlay (U)
yuq' dahi (IO)
 
cold, cold weather; north wind ezhi'i (I)
ezhiyi (O)
edli'i (U)
lit. 'cold one'
 
 
fog uq (U)
nunigi
 
frost shegh
shagh (U)
 
lightning tsila, shila (U)
shila (OI)
delvashi (OI)
 
rain kun  
it is raining ełkun  
it is pouring rain qakundenlzil (I)
qakundelyil (U)
 
rainbow
shabila (UI)
jabila (OU)
lit. 'sun snare'
 
warmth, warm weather ebayi (OU)
eva'i (I)
 

13.2.1 Falling Snow, Snow Storms

snow (on ground) chitl'
nzhah (OI)
yes
 
falling snow
yus
nudahi (U)
lit 'falling objects'
 
sleet, half rain and half snow tlaq'  
spring snow that causes last snow to melt nzhah gelqedi (O)
nut'aq'i zhaq'a (O)
ch'enq' k'yilquni (I)
nunhdecheni (U)
k'etunuynashahi (I)
lit 'one that eats snow'
lit 'goose's spit'
lit 'that which is on the wings'
 
lit 'causes water to increase'

Dialect abbreviations: (I) = Inland (Nondalton, Lime Village, often Iliamna) (L) = Lime Village (Lk-I) = Kuskokwim Ingalik at Lime Village (N) = Nondalton (Il) = Iliamna (U) = Upper Cook Inlet (Tyonek, Susitna Station, Knik, Eklutna) (Su) = Susitna Staion (E) = Eklutna (T) = Talkeetna (Kn) = Knik (O) = Outer Cook Inlet (Kenai, Kustatan) (Sl) = Seldovia (+Sl) = in all dialects and confirmed for Sledovia



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